Fourth Year Student of B.A, LL.B (Hons.),
National Law Institute University (NLIU), Bhopal
The Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid (DNA) analysis of body substances is a powerful technology that makes it possible to determine whether the source of origin of one body substance is identical to that of another, and further to establish the biological relationship, if any, between two individuals, living or dead without any doubt. The DNA profiling bill, 2007 should be converted in to an Act because by making a law to regulate/ control the use of DNA profiles will be just for the lawful purposes of establishing identity in a criminal or civil proceeding and for other specific purposes. Its main objective is to protect the individuals of the society and provide them justice as analysis of DNA (that offers sensitive information, which can be misused to harm the individual and the society) found at the scene of the crime, of the victim or the offender has been used to establish the identity. In order to achieve this objective, it will be essential to establish standards for laboratories, staff qualifications, training, proficiency testing, collection of body substances, custody trail from collection to reporting and a Data Bank with policies of use and access to information therein, its retention and deletion. DNA Data Bank Manager will supervise, execute and maintain this system and a DNA Profiling Board of eminent scientists, administrators and Law enforcement officers will administer and carry out other functions assigned to it under this Act. THE ANALYSIS WILL MAINLY DEAL WITH THE FIVE CHAPTERS OF THE DNA PROFILING BILL, 2007.
Keywords: DNA profiling bill, analysis of body substances, Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid, biological relationship